Martin Lawn – (University of Edinburgh, UK)
Emeritus Professor of Education in the School of Education, University of Edinburgh (UK) and Honorary Senior Research Fellow of the Department of Education, University of Oxford (UK). He is a Past Secretary General of the European Educational Research Association (EERA) and the founding Editor of the European Educational Research Journal (EERJ). He is a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in the UK and a Visiting Professor, CELE, University of Turku, Finland. His expertise concerns education policy in the European Union; governing education systems; the rise of comparison and research in European education; and materialities in education. He participated in several EU funded project (eg: KNOWPOL, 2006-2011, and EUROCORES, 2006-2009).
As in 2017, the lecture concentrates on the problems of visualizing and understanding policy space in European education. As a policy and governed space, education doesn’t exist in dominant approaches to understanding European governing processes. It is rarely a case study in any collection about European governing and even now, it appears to be locked up in workings of nation state silos. It does not appear at the level of states working and dominating EU decisions, nor how European institutions absorb or incorporate national ones, nor how a supranational entity is formed. The European education space is a puzzle.
Since the late 90s, working in, and trying to analyse European governance around education and schooling, little support was located in standard approaches and texts. So, my approach to understanding this area was accumulated from positive texts or from peculiar events that I was involved in. My experience was derived from European associations I was involved in or from research projects studying Europe [which were an interesting subject of study themselves].
The way that I worked, or in the texts I found useful, I found problematization useful in understanding how social reality is constructed. This approach sees governing Europe coping with fragmentation and complexity, involving a wide range of actors who are both engaging, constructing and regulating.
The papers attached for reading are roughly in chronological order, they may overlap at times, but they are all trying to understand facets of an evolving and little studied area. The idea of a common identity in Europe, and its construction was an important starting point, and one which did not conflict with subsidiarity. It metamorphosed into the idea of learning space in a knowledge economy, and merged state with business engagement, and a wider range of actors in diverse sites of engagement. The idea of European actors who are transnational and de-territorialized, or working in an imagined space [of European education] emerged over time. The shift of identity co-exists with the shift in governing towards outputs and data.
The continuing puzzle is how to recognize and analyse the policy space of education and how it works: it is both an ill-defined space of regulation or flows, and a space of attraction and meaning. Actors are enmeshed and embedded through their engagement, and particularly through the development of standards through which they are organized and shaped, without politics.
Making sense of the emergence of the European space of education
From soft to tight governance
The increasing role of the private companies in education and EU
EU is becoming a site and not a common project
Jacobbson, B. (2006). Regulated regulators: global trends of states transformation. In Djelic, Marie-Laure; Sahlin-Andersson, K. (eds), Transnational governance: institutional dynamics of regulation, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006, 205-224. Shore, C. (2013). Building Europe: The cultural politics of European integration. London: Routledge. Cort, P. (2010). Stating the Obvious: the European Qualifications Framework is not a neutral evidence-based policy tool. European educational research journal, 9(3), 304-316. Normand, R. (2010). Expertise, Networks and Indicators: the construction of the European strategy in education. European Educational Research Journal, 9(3), 407-421. Grek, S. (2010). International organisations and the shared construction of policy ‘problems’: Problematisation and change in education governance in Europe. European Educational Research Journal, 9(3), 396-406. Simons, M., Lundahl, L., & Serpieri, R. (2013). The governing of education in Europe: commercial actors, partnerships and strategies. European Educational Research Journal, 12(4), 416-424.